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Personality Articles

The Thematic Apperception Test: The theory and technique of interpretation

SS Tomkins, EJ Tomkins – 1947 – psycnet.apa.org

Abstract 1. This is a book about a test which is barely fifteen years old–a promising adolescent emerging from the rites of puberty. The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) has not yet attained full stature, that is certain, and perhaps this book should have awaited its … Cited by 232

The quest for primary motives: biography and autobiography of an idea

SS Tomkins – Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1981 – psycnet.apa.org

Abstract 1. Suggests that behaviorism, psychoanalysis, and cognitive theory each relegate affect to the status of a dependent variable. The” cognitive revolution” emancipated the study of cognition from its cooption and distortion by behaviorism and by psychoanalytic theory. … Cited by 232

Affect and Behavior: Anxiety as Negative Affect

CE Izard, SS Tomkins – 1965 – DTIC Document

Abstract: The paper presents a model of the human being, stressing the importance of relatively independent but interacting personality subsystems. The homeostatic system the drive system, and the affect system are the three motivational systems. The central … Cited by 74

Left and right: A basic dimension of ideology and personality

Tomkins – 1963 – psycnet.apa.org

Abstract 1. By ideology we mean here any organized set of ideas about which human beings are at once both articulate and passionate and about which they are least certain. The foundations of mathematics, the philosophy of science, metaphysics, theology, … Cited by 174

On the subjectivity of personality theory

GE Atwood, SS Tomkins – Journal of the History of the …, 1976 – Wiley Online Library

2. Abstract Every theorist of personality views the human condition from the unique perspective of his own individuality. As a consequence, personality theories are strongly influenced by personal and subjective factors. These influences are partially responsible … Cited by 53

Distinguished Contribution Award: The Phantasy Behind the Face

SS Tomkins – Journal of personality assessment, 1975 – Taylor & Francis

If, as I believe, the affects are the primary motives of man, and if, as I also believe, the face is the primary site of the affects, then the face is the man. Every man has always been interested in faces, fallen in love with a face, repelled by some faces, comforted by others, … Cited by 22

The present status of the thematic apperception test

SS Tomkins – American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1949 – psycnet.apa.org

Abstract 1. This article discusses the present status of the Thematic Apperception Test. Contemporary interest in the Thematic Apperception test attests to the ferment that is clinical psychology today. As experimental psychology once seized upon the postulates of … Cited by 20

The Tomkins-Horn Picture Arrangement Test

SS Tomkins – Transactions of the New York Academy of …, 1952 – Wiley Online Library

The key to the understanding of the graphomotor production lies in the consideration of the nature of the task set for the subject. This task is essentially a suggestion to produce free psychomotor activity without structuring the performance. The majority of normal … Cited by 17

The rise, fall, and resurrection of the study of personality

SS Tomkins – Journal of Mind and Behavior, 1981 – psycnet.apa.org

Abstract 1. Reviews the development of personality theory with respect to the contributions of Freud and HA Murray (eg, the TAT) and the shift of concern from the person as a whole to such personality variables as need for achievement and field independence/dependence. … Cited by 16

The realistic synthesis: a personality study

RW White, SS Tomkins, TG Alper – The Journal of Abnormal and …, 1945 – psycnet.apa.org

Abstract 1. A fairly well-adjusted Harvard junior, studied intensively by 24 workers at the Psychological Clinic, is described in detail with respect to manifest traits, ideals and aspirations, abilities, temperament, family history, fantasies, and behavior under stress. … Cited by 12

Contributions to the Standardization of the Tomkins-Horn Picture Arrangement Test: Plate Norms

SS Tomkins, JB Miner – The Journal of Psychology, 1955 – Taylor & Francis

Notwithstanding the significant contribution of projective tests to our knowledge of personality, limitations arising from inadequate sampling procedures have been the rule rather than the exception. This has been a consequence in part of the time required to … Cited by 7

Personality and intelligence: Integration of projective and psychometric technics

SS Tomkins – Annual meeting of the American Psychopathological …, 1951 – psycnet.apa.org

Abstract We are in the process of testing a variety of hypotheses concerning the influence of personality on the development of the potential called intelligence. We assume that intelligence is but one of the components determining intelligent behavior. Motivation, … Cited by 4